Flashing messages from Laravel in Inertia.js

Jeroen • May 23, 2019

Created by Jonathan Reinink, Inertia.js is "a Turbolinks inspired library that makes it super easy to create server-driven single-page apps." While developing an app with Laravel, Vue and Inertia.js I wanted to redirect the user after updating some data to a new page, and show a flash message.

As an example, a controller could include something like this:

return redirect()->route('posts.index')->withFlash('the post is saved!');

Inertia.js however renders the components differently, and does not take the incoming flash message with it:

Inertia::render('Posts/Index', $posts);

This means that the flash message seems to not be passed to the Vue page. Luckily, there is a way to send data to Inertia besides through every render() call. That way is through Inertia::share($key, $value).

For the flash messages, I created a new middleware called ShareFlashes and added it to the web middleware group in app/Http/Kernel.php to have it loaded on every request (you can use the artisan make:middleware command for this).

The middleware itself does not contain much:

<?php

namespace App\Http\Middleware;

use Closure;
use Inertia\Inertia;

class ShareFlashes
{
    /**
     * Handle an incoming request.
     *
     * @param \Illuminate\Http\Request $request
     * @param \Closure                 $next
     *
     * @return mixed
     */
    public function handle($request, Closure $next)
    {
        Inertia::share('flash', session('flash', false));

        return $next($request);
    }
}

In a vue component it is now possible to call for the flash message prop:

if (this.page.props.flash != false) {
    // show flash message
}

Thanks to the middelware, the flash message prop will be false when there is none, or otherwise contain the (translated) message.

update In "this commit" Jonathan Reinink shows a much simpler way to use flash messages without a middleware but with a dedicated Vue component.